Commonly known as pimples, acne is a skin condition caused by inflammation. These are stretched out and infected follicles and skin glands, blocked by a thick layer of dead epithelium cells that forms for about 5-7 days. The medical term is acne vulgaris. It is one of the most common skin problems, which makes acne treatment one of the most sought after skin treatments in cosmetic medicine.
How does Acne form?
Normally, acne occurs during the time of puberty and worsens during the period of adolescence. The oil producing glands (named sebaceous glands) which lie under the surface of the skin, produce sebum. This oily secretion helps the skin preserve its moisture and hair to keep its flexibility. During puberty, sebum excretion is much higher. Skin pores become clogged and stretched and the rich skin flora easily infects them. When a plugged follicle is invaded by a bacteria living on the skin (known as Propionibacterium acnes), or other microorganisms present in the skin, the enzymes and chemicals produced by the bacteria create inflammations.
Adolescent acne is hormonally and genetically based. Its occurance in a later age, even in an advanced age (adult acne) is a result of chronic infection and is difficult to treat. It had been estimated that about 9% of world’s population is affected by pimples. The majority of them, between the age of 12 and 25.
Why You Must Not Squeeze Pimples Out
The worst possible method to treat acne is to squeeze pipmles out with nails, either at home or in a saloon, as well as using a needle! The stretched out glands (in the form of cysts) burst and form conglomerate cavities, which do not have anatomical structure and as a result - no exit points for the secretion. Squeezing these conglomerates results in the repeated bursting of these cavities and their expansion. This creates a vicious circle that leads to chronic infection and impossibility of easy treatment, due to the continuous secretion without a way out. The process creates cavities, which leave deep scars.
During microdermabrasion, fine microcrystals remove the superficial or uppermost layer of the epidermis, known as stratum corneum. In this way the infected secretion in the glands and conglomerates is sucked out once every 3-4 days. It is repeated until full healing, including assistance with dermatological treatment.
The most severe cases are treated with mid- to deep chemical peels. We most often use the Exoderm peel, which gives magnificent results.
To determine the proper type of treatment, we examine the face, shoulders, chest, upper neck, and back, as well as other affected areas, as well as take the medical history of the patient. Then, we determine whether the blemishes are inflamed, whether they are superficial or deep, and whether there is any skin discoloration or scarring. Blood tests are also necessary. Properly diagnosing the skin condition is very important in acne treatment. Full parallel dermatological treatment is mandatory.