What Is Acne?
Commonly known as pimples, acne is a skin condition that is caused by inflammation in the skin. The medical term for acne is acne vulgaris. It is one of the most common skin problems, which makes acne treatment one of the most sought after skin treatments. It had been estimated that about 17 million people had been affected by pimples. The majority of them - between the age of 12 and 25.
Normally, acne occurs during the time of puberty and worsens during the period of adolescence. The oil producing glands (named sebaceous glands) lying under the surface of the skin, produce sebum. This oily secretion helps the skin preserve its moisture as well as hair flexibility. During puberty, the sebum excretion is much higher and clogs the pores in the skin. When the plugged follicle is invaded by a bacteria living on the skin (known as Propionibacterium acnes), or other microorganisms present in the skin, the enzymes and chemicals produced by the bacteria create inflammations.
Why You Must Not Squeeze Pimples Out
The worst possible method to treat acne is to squeeze pipmles out, either at home or in a saloon, as well as using a needle. The stretched out glands (in the form of cysts) burst and lose their anatomical structure. When there are a few glands in the same place, conglomerate cavities are formed, which do not have anatomical structure ans subsequently - no exit points for the secretion. Squeezing these conglomerates results in the repeated bursting of the cavities and expands them. Thus, a vicious circle is created that leads to chronic infection and impossibility to easy treatment, due to the continuous secretion without a way out and the creation of cavities, which leave deep scars.
During microdermabrasion, fine crystals remove the superficial or uppermost layer of the epidermis, known as stratum corneum. In this way the infected secretion in the glands and conglomerates is sucked out.
The most severe cases are treated with mid- to deep chemical peels. We most often use the EXODERM peel, which gives magnificent results.
In order to determine the proper type of treatment, physicians should examine the face, shoulders, chest, upper neck, and back, as well as other affected areas, as well as take the medical history of the patient. Then, it should be determined whether the blemishes are inflamed, whether they are superficial or deep, and whether there is any skin discoloration or scarring. Blood and stool tests also need be done. Understanding the skin condition is very important in acne treatment.
Depending on the severity of the pimples, or acne, the physician would use also benzoyl peroxide or hydrogen peroxide. Additionaly, creams like azelaic acid or vitamin A derivates, like retinoid or retin A, could be used for acne treatment. Salicylic acid, accutane, antibiotics, and anti-androgens are also quite effective in the treatment of acne.